On Coverage and Capacity: A look at school capacity in the Philippines (EduData Part 2)

data education dataviz government

Students require rooms, students, and operating budgets in order to receive a proper education. The question is, which resources are in short supply? How does this differ across different parts of the country? Let’s find out how the school system is holding up in this second installment of the EduData Series.

TJ Palanca https://www.twitter.com/tjpalanca

This article is part of the EduData series, which explores the state of the Philippine education system, and what we could do to make it better.

EduData Series

The Philippine population is relatively young, and to ensure that they are competitive in the marketplace when they grow up, we need enough capacity in our schools. In the previous post, we tackled dropout rates and explored where, when, and who are the dropouts in the Philippine Education System. This time, we take a look at educational capacity and whether we are managing the flow of learners effectively.

Capacity Capers

Let’s first take a look at some overall capacity metrics:

Resources required in an educational system consist of (a) teachers, (b) rooms, and (c) budgets. Teacher capacity averages roughly 35 students per teacher, and rooms slightly worse at roughly 40 students per teacher. Teacher capacity is higher but room capacity is lower in secondary school than in elementary school. However, there are still striking disparities in capacity, with some schools reaching 250 students per teacher or room.


While there might be resources placed into the system, the positioning of those resources matters, too. We’ll take a look at the “path of least resistance” of each Philippine city or municipality from the nearest elementary or secondary school.